Autumn 2017 P452

Physics 45200 Quantum Optics and Quantum Gases

Time: MW 09:00 -10:20 am

Office hour: TuTh 11am~12pm
Classroom: KPTC 105
Lecturer: Cheng Chin, cchin@uchicago.edu
Website: http://ultracold.uchicago.edu

Quantum Gases

Wk01 09/25 M 9:00~10:20 The holy grail – Bose-Einstein condensation

Wk01 09/27 W 9:00~10:20 Quantum gas vs. normal gas HW1                

Wk02 10/02 M 9:00~10:20 Weaking interacting BEC: Gross-Pitaevskii equation

Wk02 10/04 W 9:00~10:20 S-wave scattering length HW2

Wk03 10/09 M 9:00~10:20 Bogoliubov transformation

Wk03 10/11 W 9:00~10:20 Second quantization HW3 Solution

Wk04 10/16 M 9:00~10:20 Cold collisions

Wk04 10/18 W 9:00~10:20 Lab Tour

Wk04 10/23 W 9:00~10:20 Feshbach resonance

Wk05 10/25 M 9:00~10:20 Optical lattices HW4 Solution

Wk06 10/30 M 9:00~10:20 Presentations 1 + Midterm

 

Quantum Optics

Wk06 11/01 W 9:00~10:20 Atom-photon interactions

Wk07 11/06 M 9:00~10:20 Optical Bloch equation and Rabi and Ramsey spectroscopy HW5 Solution

Wk07 11/08 W 9:00~10:20 Dressed atom picture

Wk07 11/10 F 9:00~10:20 Autler-Towns splitting and electromagnetically induced transparency HW6 Solution 

Wk08 11/13 M 9:00~10:20 Entanglement  

Wk08 11/15 W 9:00~10:20 No Class

Wk09 11/20 M 9:00~10:20 Quantum teleportation HW7 Solution

Wk09 11/22 W 9:00~10:20 No Class

Wk10 11/27 M 9:00~10:20 Cavity QED and spontaneous emission

Wk10 11/29 W 9:00~10:20 Class review and discussion

Wk10 12/01 F  9:00~10:20 Presentation 2 Final

Wk10 12/04 M 9:00~10:20 Presentation 3

 

Evaluation

Problem sets 40%

Midterm 20%

Final 20%

final paper/presentation 30%

Supporting texts

Quantum gases:

Bose-Einstein Condensation in Dilute Gases by C. J. Pethick and H. Smith

Bose-Einstein Condensation by L. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari

G.-P. equation and Bogoliubov approximation, A.J. Leggett, New J. Phys. 5 103 (2003)

Review papers:

The cold atom Hubbard toolbox, D. Jakscha and P. Zoller, Annals of Physics 315 52 (2005)

Theory of Bose-Einstein condensation in trapped gases, F. Dalfovo, S. Giorgini, L.P. Pitaevskii, and S. Stringari, RMP 71 463 (1999)

Theory of ultracold atomic Fermi gases, S. Giorgini, L.P. Pitaevskii, and S. Stringari, RMP 80 1215 (2008)

Many-body physics with ultracold gases, I. Bloch, J. Dalibard, and W. Zwerger, RMP 80 885 (2008)

Feshbach resonances in ultracold gases, C. Chin, R. Grimm, P. Julienne, and E. Tiesinga, RMP 82 1225 (2010)

 

Quantum optics:

Mesoscopic Quantum Optics by Y. Yamamoto and A. Imamoglu   

Quantum Optics by D. F. Walls and G. J. Milburn

Electromagnetic Noise and Quantum Optical Measurements by Hermann A. Haus

Quantum Optics by M. Scully and S. Zubairy

Review papers:

Modern approach to quantum optics: S.L. Braunstein and P. van Loock, RMP 77 513 (2005)

Photon echos: I.D. Abella, N.A. Kurnit, and S.R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. 141 391 (1966)

Continuous-variable optical quantum-state tomography: RMP 81 299 (2009)

Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits: RMP 79 135 (2007)

Research papers:

Quantum gas

•Radio Frequency Magneto-Optical Trapping of CaF with High Density: Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 103201 (2017)
•Formation of matter-wave soliton trains by modulation instability: Science 356, 422 (2017)
•Creation of a Bose-condensed gas by laser cooling: arXive: 1705.03421
•An atom-by-atom assembler of defect-free arbitrary 2d atomic arrays: Science, 354, 1021 (2016) 

Quantum optics

•Quantum superpositions at metre scales: Nature 528, 530-533 (2015), Nature 537, E1-E2 (2015), and arXive:1607.03485.
•Loophole-free Bell inequality violation using electron spins separated by 1.3 km: Nature 526, 682 (2015)
•Bell correlations in thermal gas and Bose condensates: Physical Review Letters, 118, 140401 (2017), Science 352, 441 (2016)
•Entanglement of almost 3,000 atoms heralded by one photon: Nature 519, 7544 (2017)
•Cavity Cooling of many atoms: Physical Review Letters 118, 183601 (2017)